What is a DSLR (Digital SLR) Camera?

DSLR stands for “Digital Single Lens Reflex”. In simple language, a DSLR is a digital camera that uses a mirror mechanism to either reflect light from a camera lens to an optical viewfinder (which is an eyepiece on the back of the camera that one looks through to see what they are taking a picture of) or let light fully pass onto the image sensor (which captures the image) by moving the mirror out of the way. Although single lens reflex cameras have been available in various shapes and forms since the 19th century with film as the recording medium, the first commercial digital SLR with an image sensor appeared in 1991. Compared to point-and-shoot and phone cameras, DSLR cameras typically use interchangeable lenses.

1) What DSLR Cameras Consist Of

Take a look at the following image of an SLR cross section

Image result for dslr camera parts diagram


Image result for dslr camera parts diagram

2) How DSLR Cameras Work

When you look through a DSLR viewfinder / eyepiece on the back of the camera, whatever you see is passed through the lens attached to the camera, which means that you could be looking at exactly what you are going to capture. Light from the scene you are attempting to capture passes through the lens into a reflex mirror (#2) that sits at a 45 degree angle inside the camera chamber, which then forwards the light vertically to an optical element called a “pentaprism” (#7). The pentaprism then converts the vertical light to horizontal by redirecting the light through two separate mirrors, right into the viewfinder (#8).

When you take a picture, the reflex mirror (#2) swings upwards, blocking the vertical pathway and letting the light directly through. Then, the shutter (#3) opens up and the light reaches the image sensor (#4). The shutter (#3) remains open for as long as needed for the image sensor (#4) to record the image, then the shutter (#3) closes and the reflex mirror (#2) drops back to the 45 degree angle to continue redirecting the light into the viewfinder.

Obviously, the process doesn’t stop there. Next, a lot of complicated image processing happens on the camera. The camera processor takes the information from the image sensor, converts it into an appropriate format, then writes it into a memory card. The whole process takes very little time and some professional DSLRs can do this 11+ times in one second!


How to take a good photo

1. Practice Practice Practice!

if you want to get good at anything in life, you have to work hard at it.

The fortunate thing about photography is that it’s a lot of fun to play around with. Even though you’ll still think you suck from time to time, with just a little practice, you will always begin to see results in your photos.
Take the steps listed above and read some of the tutorials on this website – you’ll be an expert in no time. 

2. Use the Histogram

If you’re out and about on a really sunny day, you’ll find that shading the display with your hand doesn’t do the job when it comes to looking at photos.
The histogram is a mathematical representation of how well exposed an image is. It’s a great basis for improving your photography (don’t worry, it’s not as complicated as it sounds).
It’s no use waiting until you get home to find out that your photos are no good! Read more about it here.

3. Get Your White Balance Right!

This is so vitally important if you want good photos that I’ve written an entire post on it here. I strongly suggest you read it.
The WB is all about the colour cast of your photos.
Shooting indoors without a flash often results in the people in your photos appearing to have nasty orange coloured skin.

4. Frame Your Subject

Look for a way to put a frame within a frame, like a doorway or window. In the photo below I used a bluebell flower.
Framing can add context to your photos, telling the viewer a little more about what’s going on and where the photo was taken.
Not only does this add a sense of depth but also another element of interest that the photo didn’t have before. Try a close-up shot for a tighter frame.

5. Clean Up Your Background

The background is as much a part of your photo as the subject so make sure it’s not cluttered and messy. Moving your camera just a few degrees to the side may make all the difference when it comes to cleaning up your shot.

Branches, sky and other people are just a few things to look out for. The branch in the shot below really bugs me. You can use photo editing software, such as Photoshop or a camera app.

6. Zoom With Your Feet and Get Closer

Instead of zooming in, get involved in the photo. Look at things from a different angle – this allows for a different perspective.
Search for the finer details that would usually be overlooked in a scene and make these the subject if you really want the best photos.
Think before you shoot or you’ll forget to think at all.

7. Find a Fresh Perspective

I try to take this a little further where possible and find new ways of looking at photos. If you follow professional photographers on social media, you might find that they always present new ways in capturing professional shots.

8. No On Camera Flash!

When the light comes from the same angle as the lens, you’re left without any of the scene’s natural shadows. Photos with on-camera flash may as well have been taken on your phone.

9. Learn Basic Composition Techniques… and Then Forget Them

 You’ll start seeing and thinking about how you might frame a photo, even when you haven’t got a camera on you.
This knowledge sticks with you and subtly helps your photos improve from good pictures to great pictures.
Well then, why forget them?
Simple. As a photographer, this becomes too obvious to be interesting and you’ll become bored of your photos.
One of the main challenges of photography is to keep your photos fresh and interesting. You can do this by pushing the boundaries of the ‘rules’ of photography.

10. Learn Manual Mode

Manual mode is much like using an old film SLR from the 1960s, when they didn’t have buttons like aperture priority and other modes that do it all for you.
Being the only option, photographers were forced to learn to use their cameras in manual. In doing so, they fully learned how their cameras worked.
Once you know how to properly use your camera, it becomes much easier to spot where you’re going wrong and to fix it.

the best cameras for beginners in 2019

What’s the best type of camera for beginners?

Let’s start with some tips on what features you should be looking for when hunting out the best camera for beginners.Most models have a respectable zoom range and a built-in flash, while some add a viewfinder that helps when composing shots under bright sunlight.

With two or three lenses you can shoot anything from portraiture and still life, to action sports and wildlife, or sweeping landscapes and architecture, getting great results every time.

Our pick of the best beginners’ cameras includes some smart compact cameras with fixed lenses, as well as the best-buy DSLR and mirror less system cameras. Let’s get started.


1. Nikon D3500

The best all-round camera for beginners

Type: DSLR | Sensor: APS-C | Megapixels: 24.2MP | Screen: 3.0-inch, 921k, fixed | Viewfinder: Pentamirror | Lens (effective): 27-82.5mm | Continuous shooting speed: 5fps | Max video resolution: 1080p

Built-in photography tutor
Good all-round performance
Quite pricey for a basic DSLR
Lacks custom settings
It’s particularly easy to get up and running with the  . As well as an ‘intelligent’ fully automatic mode, there are wide-ranging scene modes and effects to choose from. More uniquely, there’s a Guide shooting mode, which serves as a kind of interactive photography course. There’s no shortage of quality either, with a high-performance 24.2MP image sensor and processor, a generous ISO (sensitivity) range, speedy 5fps maximum burst rate and a high-resolution LCD screen. 

2. Canon EOS 4000D

This super-cheap DSLR kit is the best budget beginners’ camera

Type: DSLR | Sensor: APS-C | Megapixels: 18MP | Screen: 2.7-inch, 230k, fixed | Viewfinder: Pentamirror | Lens (effective): 28.8-88mm | Continuous shooting speed: 3fps | Max video resolution: 1080p

Good quality at a great price
Nice handling
Low-resolution rear screen
Sluggish burst rate
DSLR kit that comes complete with camera body and zoom lens, the 4000D is capable of delivering lovely image quality.The kit lens doesn’t feature optical stabiliaation, the continuous shooting speed is rather pedestrian, and the rear screen is relatively small and low in resolution.


3. Fujifilm X-T100

Great performance makes this the best mirrorless beginners’ camera

Type: CSC | Sensor: APS-C | Megapixels: 24.2MP | Screen: 3.0-inch, 1,040k tilt, touch | Viewfinder: Electronic, 2,360k | Lens (effective): 22.5-67.5mm | Continuous shooting speed: 6fps | Max video resolution: 4k

Simple but highly effective
Small, lightweight and stylish
Pricier than some mirrorless cameras
Slow frame rate for 4k movies
The impressive feature set includes high-resolution thrills all round, from the 24.2MP APS-C image sensor, to the 1,040k 3-way tilting touchscreen and the 2,360k electronic viewfinder. The 15-45mm kit lens is also a delight, delivering very good image quality while adding optical image stabilisation and power-zoom for smooth focal length transitions when shooting movies.

4. Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX80

A smart choice for both video and stills

Type: CSC | Sensor: Four Thirds | Megapixels: 16.0MP | Screen: 3.0-inch, 1,040k, tilt, touch | Viewfinder: Electronic, 2,765k | Lens (effective): 24-64mm | Continuous shooting speed: 8fps | Max video resolution: 4k

Good for stills and 4k movie capture
High-res electronic viewfinder
Tilting rather than fully articulated touchscreen
Relatively low 16MP stills resolution.
Mirrorless system camera   is small and slim (especially when fitted with its retractable 12-32mm kit lens), but still features a high-res electronic viewfinder as well as a tilting touchscreen.  Panasonic’s Post Focus feature is also on hand, effectively enabling you to adjust the focus position after shooting. 

5. Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mk III

The best beginners’ camera for travel, Olympus has it in the bag with this compact system model

Type: CSC | Sensor: Four Thirds | Megapixels: 16.1MP | Screen: 3.0-inch 1,040k tilt touch | Viewfinder: Electronic 2,360k | Lens (effective): 28-84mm | Continuous shooting speed: 8.6fps | Max video resolution: 4k

Travel-friendly size and weight
Nice electronic viewfinder and tilting screen
Quite modest 16.1MP stills resolution
Autofocus can be a little sluggish
It features a built-in motor that enables smooth zooming during video capture. The maximum burst rate for stills is a speedy 8.6fps, although autofocus can be a little slower than in many competing cameras, making it tricky to follow fast-moving action. 4k UHD movie capture is a bonus.

6. Nikon D5600

The best beginners’ camera for wildlife, this is also a top choice for action and sports

Type: DSLR | Sensor: APS-C | Megapixels: 24.2MP | Screen: 3.2-inch, 1,040k, pivot, touch | Viewfinder: Pentamirror | Lens (effective): 27-210mm | Continuous shooting speed: 5fps | Max video resolution: 1080p

Sophisticated 39-point autofocus
Fully articulated touchscreen
Slow autofocus for live view and movies
Less beginner-friendly than D3500
Great for following the action in sports and wildlife photography, the  has an advanced 39-point autofocus system that boasts auto-area, dynamic-area and 3D-tracking modes. 
The fully articulated touchscreen is an extra bonus, although for live view and video capture.

7. Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ100

The best beginners’ compact camera, this pocketable compact shoehorns a lot in

Type: Compact | Sensor: 1.0-type | Megapixels: 20.1MP | Screen: 3.0-inch 1,240k, touch | Viewfinder: Electronic, 1,166k | Lens (effective): 25-250mm | Continuous shooting speed: 10fps (4k 30fps) | Max video resolution: 4k

Feature-rich at a friendly price
1.0-type image sensor and 10x zoom range
Touchscreen has no tilt or pivot facility
Lacks textured grip surfaces
For such a small camera, the Panasonic TZ100 packs in some seriously big specifications and features.Clever tricks include ‘post-focus’, which enables you to capture a burst of stills with automatically transitioning focus distances, and select the frame with the ideal focus point afterwards.

8. Sony HX400V

The best beginners’ bridge camera packs a whopping 50x zoom range

Type: Bridge | Sensor: 1/2.3-type | Megapixels: 20.4MP | Screen: 3.0-inch, 922k, tilt | Viewfinder: Electronic, 201k | Lens (effective): 25-500mm | Continuous shooting speed: 10fps | Max video resolution: 1080p

Mighty zoom range
Competitive price
Low-res viewfinder
No touchscreen
Typical of bridge cameras, the Sony DSC-HX400V has a fixed rather than interchangeable lens, but with a body shape that more closely resembles a DSLR than a compact camera.The Sony is no slouch when it comes to shooting speed, with a maximum burst rate of 10fps.

10 First Photos from the History of Photography.


Photography has been a medium of limitless possibilities since it was originally invented in the early 1800 s. To celebrate the amazing history of photography and photographic science, we have assembled twenty photographic ‘firsts’ from over the past two centuries.


1. The First Photograph

process2_large-2The world’s first photograph made in a camera was taken in 1826 by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce.



2. The First Color Photograph

Tartan_Ribbon-2The first color photograph was taken by the mathematical physicist, James Clerk Maxwell. The piece above is considered the first durable color photograph and was envied by Maxwell at a lecture in 1861.



3. The First Cape Canaveral Launch Photograph

199728main_rs_image_feature_765_946x710-2NASA photographers snapped the first photograph of a Cape Canaveral launch in July of 1950.



4. The First Photograph of a Person

Human-2The first photograph of a human appeared above in a snapshot captured by Louis Daguerre.



5. The First Self Portrait Photograph

firstportrait-2Before ‘selfies’ were all the rage, Robert Cornelius set up a camera and took the world’s first self-portrait in the back of a business on Chestnut Street in Center City, Philadelphia.



6. The First Aerial Photograph

04_03_2013_boston-air-e1365010217802-2The first aerial photograph was not taken by drone, but instead by hot air balloon in 1860. This aerial photograph depicts the town of Boston from 2,000 feet. The photographer, James Wallace Black, titled his work “Boston, as the Eagle and the Wild Goose See It”.



7. The First Sun Photograph

first-solar-photo-haoucargm1845-sw-2The first photograph of our sun was taken by French Physicists Louis Fizeau and Leon Foucault on April 2nd, 1845.



8. The First Space Photograph

1stphotofromspacejpg__600x0_q85_upscale.jpg__800x600_q85_crop-2The first photograph from space was taken by the V-2 #13 rocket, which was launched in October, 24th of 1946. The photo depicts the Earth in black-and-white from an altitude of 65 miles. The camera that captured the shot was a 35 mm motion picture camera that snapped a frame every second and a half as the rocket climbed straight up into the atmosphere.



9. The First News Photograph

Screen Shot 2015-05-22 at 4.34.41 PM-2While the photojournalist’s name may have slipped away, his work has not. This photograph taken in 1847  

10. The First Lightning Photograph

lightningphoto-2Lightning can be an exciting subject to capture and the first photographer to grab a snapshot did so in 1882.

What is photography?Types of photography?

Photography is the art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

                                             Beautiful photography quotes:

“Your first 10,000 photographs are your worst.”
– Henri Cartier-Bresson

“The negative is the equivalent of the composer’s score and the print the performance.”
– Ansel Adams

“Photography is the story I fail to put into words.”
– Destin Sparks

Tips for Beginner Photography:

1. Don’t go crazy buying the most expensive equipment right away.

It’s possible to get very nice photos with an inexpensive point and shoot.  The more photos you take, the more you’ll know about what kind of camera to get when it’s time to upgrade.

2. Consider a tripod.

On the other hand, an inexpensive tripod is worth getting, especially if you have shaky hands like mine. When I got a tripod, my satisfaction with my shots skyrocketed. For even more stability, use your camera’s timer function with a tripod.

3. Keep your camera with you all the time.

Photo ops often come when you least expect it. If you can keep your equipment relatively simple – just a small camera bag and a tripod – you might be able to take advantage of some of those unexpected opportunities. 

4. Make a list of shots you’d like to get.

For those times you can’t carry your camera around, keep a small notebook to jot down places you’d like to come back and photograph. Make sure to note any important details, like the lighting, so you can come back at the same time of day or when the weather’s right. 

5. Don’t overlook mundane subjects for photography.

You might not see anything interesting to photograph in your living room or your backyard, but try looking at familiar surroundings with fresh eyes. You might catch an interesting trick of the light or find some unexpected wildflowers in your yard. Often a simple subject makes the best shot.

6. Enjoy the learning process.

The best part of having a hobby like photography is never running out of things to learn. Inspiration is all around you. Look at everything with the eyes of a photographer and you’ll see opportunities you never noticed before.

7. Take advantage of free resources to learn.

8. Experiment with your camera’s settings.

Your point and shoot may be more flexible and powerful than you know. Read the manual for help deciphering all those little symbols. As you explore, try shooting your subjects with multiple settings to learn what effects you like.

9. Learn the basic rules.

10. Take photos regularly.

Try to photograph something every day. If you can’t do that, make sure you take time to practice regularly, so you don’t forget what you’ve learned.

11. Don’t be afraid to experiment.


What we think?

Which type of photography should I master? That is probably the most challenging decision to make when you are starting your pursuit of photography as a career. When you think of all of the various subjects there are to capture, and all of the different ways to create the image, the field of photography really is dynamic and varied. There is something for everyone in photography, and the types of photography jobs are just as exciting.

Here are the some types of photography genres you can pursue as a professional photographer:

1.Wedding photography

2.Portrait photography

3.Event photography

4.Product photography

5.Fine art photography

6.Architectural photography

7.Fashion photography

8.Advertising or Lifestyle Photography 

9.Travel Photography 


11.Pet Photography

12.Sports Photography 

13.Nature photography

14.Wildlife photography

15. HDR photography